Worm Farming - Vermiculture
Vermiculture, also known worm composting, uses earthworms to turn food scraps into a nutrient-rich black soil, filled with worm castings (poop). Worms can eat their full weight in daily. Worm castings are a natural fertilizer, providing a huge amount of nutrients to gardens.
Worms added to the garden also increases the water-holding capacity of the soil. Your plants grow deeper root systems for better disease resistance and drought tolerance.
Many different species of worms (red wigglers, African nightcrawlers, manure worms, tiger worms, blue worms, red hybrid worms, etc.) are used in vermicomposting. A pound of worms is all that is needed to get started, because they reproduce quickly.
Vermiculture bins (worms farms) can be just a wooden or plastic box with a loosely fitted lid to give the worms the oxygen they need, and drainage holes in the bottom. Building a worm farm is easy !
Worms take care of organic waste and produces an enriched soil for gardens. One third of household waste can be recycled through a worm farm. The environment is helped by keeping tons of waste out of landfills.